A history of ancient Sparta : valor, virtue, and devotion in by Timothy B. Shutt, Recorded Books

By Timothy B. Shutt, Recorded Books

Explores the historical past and tradition of old Sparta, a society popular for army excellence and adherence to the values of braveness, self-discipline, responsibility, and the overcoming of worry. Professor Shutt delves into Spartan tradition, studying its origins, govt, faith, and the key occasions that outlined its history.

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1968. Herodotus. The Histories. Trans. Robert Waterfield. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998. ———. The Landmark Herodotus. Ed. Robert B. Strassler. Trans. Andrea L. Purvis. New York: Random House, 2007. ———. Herodotus: The Persian Wars. 4 vols. Trans. D. Godley. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1922–1925. Plutarch. On Sparta. Rev. ed. Trans. A. Talbert. New York: Penguin, 2005. Xenophon. ” Plutarch. On Sparta. Rev. ed. Trans. A. Talbert. New York: Penguin, 2005. 39 Lecture 8: The Ionian Revolt to Marathon, 490 BCE The Suggested Reading for this lecture is Paul Cartledge’s The Spartans: The World of the Warrior-Heroes of Ancient Greece.

And the Athenians waited as well, hoping, among other things, that the Spartans would arrive in time to help. Finally, after some days, the Persians made a move, evidently detaching most of their cavalry by fleet on the way to Athens. And the Athenians moved as well. As part and parcel of their democratic arrangements, the Athenians appointed a group of ten generals to command their forces, each of whom took command on his given day. This seems like a ridiculous arrangement and all the more so when, as at Marathon, the generals were divided in their counsel.

But for whatever set of reasons, the social position of Spartan women was distinctive. For one thing, women of the citizen class, unlike their counterparts elsewhere in Greece, were neither confined to the home nor confined by housework, or even by the daily tasks of child-rearing. Helot household workers took care of such duties, and indeed, Laconian nurses were highly valued elsewhere in Greece for their no-nonsense skill in raising fearless, well-behaved children. Middle and upper-class Greek women elsewhere—those, that is to say, who were not slaves or peasant women and were not involved in the flourishing, many-tiered “sex trade” that went on in places like Athens and Corinth— appeared in public, if at all, fully and carefully clothed and often veiled as 31 well, rather like many Muslim women at present.

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