By Arnold Hughes, David Perfect
A Political background of The Gambia: 1816-1994 is the 1st entire account of the political heritage of the previous British West African dependency to be written. It uses a lot hitherto unconsulted or unavailable British and Gambian respectable and personal documentary resources, in addition to interviews with many Gambian politicians and previous British colonial officers. the 1st a part of the e-book charts the origins and features of contemporary politics in colonial Bathurst (Banjul) and its enlargement into the Gambian inside (Protectorate) within the 20 years after international battle II. via independence in 1965, older urban-based events within the capital were defeated through a brand new, rural-based political company, the People's innovative social gathering (PPP). the second one a part of the publication analyzes the skill wherein the PPP, below President Sir Dawda Jawara, succeeded in defeating either current and new rival political events and an tried coup in 1981. The ebook closes with a proof of the loss of life of the PPP by the hands of a military coup in 1994. The booklet not just establishes these particular points of Gambian political heritage, but in addition relates those to the broader nearby and African context, throughout the colonial and independence sessions.
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Additional info for A Political History of The Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora)
By 1983, there were more Mandinka living in Brikama LGA than in any other LGA and by 1993, the WD had become the main centre of the Mandinka population; 26 percent of the Social and Economic Setting 15 Mandinka lived in Brikama and a further 16 percent in Kanifing. This compared with only 14 and 3 percent, respectively, in 1963. Although the Mandinka were still the predominant group in four LGAs (Brikama, Kanifing, Kerewan, and Mansakonko), they had been overtaken by the Fula in Georgetown and Kuntaur (in the latter, they were also now outnumbered by the Wolof) and by the Serahuli in Basse.
4 of 1952) (Bathurst: Government Printer, 1952), Table 5; Report on the Census of Population of the Gambia Taken on 17th/18th April 1963 by H. A. Oliver (Sessional Paper no. 13 of 1965) (Bathurst: Government Printer, 1965), Tables 34 and 105. 7 shows the ethnic composition of The Gambia at each census date between 1963 and 1993. It is evident that the rank order of the first six ethnic groups has remained unchanged since independence; however, the Mandinka share of the national population has fallen significantly.
Mary’s Island increased, reaching 261 in 1939; in 1963, the British population of Gambia was 412. By 1983, the non-African population exceeded 2,500. 74 Most European residents in the nineteenth century were either officials or merchants (a handful were missionaries). 76 Mulattos For most of the nineteenth century, there was also a distinctive Mulatto community in Bathurst. A total of 135 Mulattos was recorded as living on St. Mary’s Island in 1824 and 116 in the 1901 census. Mulattos were the product of relationships between European men and African (mainly Wolof) women (known as “senoras” or “signaras”) and, as in Senegal, there were important social distinctions between 24 Social and Economic Setting them.