A Theory of Parties and Electoral Systems by Richard S. Katz

By Richard S. Katz

Political events and elections are the mainsprings of recent democracy. during this vintage quantity, Richard S. Katz explores the matter of ways a given electoral approach impacts the function of political events and how within which get together contributors are elected. He develops and assessments a idea of the diversities within the team spirit, ideological habit, and factor orientation of Western parliamentary events at the foundation of the electoral structures lower than which they compete. a regular within the box of political conception and notion, The idea of events and the Electoral System contributes to a greater knowing of parliamentary occasion buildings and demonstrates the vast software of the rationalistic strategy for explaining habit derived from the self-interest of political actors.

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Overall, however, this dataset appears to allow analyses at least as reliable as any others based on interpretation of published records and previous research, As always must be the case, it is left to the reader to decide if the variables used in fact indicate what they are claimed to indicate. 1, along with their countries' scores on each of the four dimensions of electoral law suggested to be especially significant. 1. Parties and electoral system characteristics Country Parties United States United Kingdom Australia Hew Zealand Canada Ireland Austria France W.

Parties, Elections* and Democracy ]$ observer would consider rational if their primary goal were reelection* The reasonableness of this assumption already has been argued; clearly unless its reasonableness is accepted, nothing that follows may be seen as other than coincidence. As already suggested, the world of a theory is in effect a model of reality. 38 The more specific predictions that can be verified, the more confidence may be placed in the theory that generated them. The overall plan of this book is based on Sherlock Holmes's famous dictum that in trying to deduce how things happened one should "think backwards/' From the point of view of the candidate, an election may be seen as having three semidistinct phases; nomination, campaigning, and the actual balloting and determination of the winners.

Alliances and coalitions among parties are more likely when there is ordinal choice allowed to the voters than when the voters' choice is categoric, The nature of choice also leads to a prediction regarding issue orientation: 8. Parties competing in systems with categoric choice will be more issue oriented than parties competing where an ordinal choice is allowed. Finally, the pattern of cohesion or disunity exhibited by a party in parliament may be predicted from district magnitude, the possibility of intraparty choice, and the distribution of resources in the country: 9.

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