By David Klotz
Hibis Temple, tucked away within the distant Khargeh Oasis, comprises the longest huge hymns to Amun-Re ever carved in hieroglyphs. those non secular texts, inscribed through the reign of Darius I, drew upon a wide number of New nation assets, and later they served as resources for the Graeco-Roman hymns at Esna Temple. As such, the hymns to Amun-Re from Hibis are excellently fitted to learning Egyptian theology through the Persian interval, at the eve of the intended "new theology" created through the Graeco-Roman priesthood. This new research, the 1st broad remark at the 5 liturgically hooked up hymns, positive aspects new translations with precise notes. The e-book additionally considers dominant theological topics found in the texts, together with the concept that of "Amun in the Iris."
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Extra info for Adoration of the Ram: five hymns to Amun-Re from Hibis temple
51. 148 Lorton has also expressed skepticism about the Opet Crypt relief (Fiery Tefnut) and its relation to Invocation Hymn However, while this is definitely a valid interpretation, the subsequent mention of Reswedja hints that the epithet should refer to Osiris, especially the solarized Osiris, rather than simply Re. Indeed, the netherworld books also represent Res-wedja within a serpent. The figure there is an enormous ithyphallic Re-Osiris, with upraised arm, encircled by an even larger serpent.
112, n. 119). 89 Piankoff, BIFAO 43 (1943): Pl. LXXXVI, 1. For an ejaculating Tatenen, compare also the Gliedervergöttung of the Litany of Re: “My phallus is Tatenen” (Hnn=i m ¦A-Tnn; Hornung, Das Buch der Anbetung des Re im Westen, I, pp. 212–13). 90 P. 2. 91 P. Berlin 3049, IV,10–V,1 = Gülden, Die hieratischen Texte des P. Berlin 3049, pp. 30–32; compare also Urk. ” 92 For the fiery semen of solar insemination, which would easily allow for “illuminating the two lands,” see Van Dijk, JEOL 26 (1979–80): 12–14; Darnell, The Enigmatic Netherworld Books, pp.
The word “msxa ” does not mean “das Erglänzen einer Gottheit” (Wb. t “birth” that begins in the reign of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II, or possibly a neologism, compounding ms-xa “birth-appearance; Akhetbirth” (cf. ” [in preparation]). While the moon was often regarded as the left eye of Amun-Re, texts expressly identifying Amun with the moon are less common. w His (Amun) love is (being) the Moon as a child, for whom creation dances. tw=f mi itn n IaH He (Amun) is worshipped like the disk of the Moon.