Tropical Capitalism: The Industrialization of Belo by Marshall C. Eakin (auth.)

By Marshall C. Eakin (auth.)

Tropical Capitalism strains the increase of Brazil's moment biggest commercial middle, a deliberate urban created within the Nineties because the capital of Minas Gerais, the nation's moment such a lot populous country. Marshall Eakin deals the industrialization of Belo Horizonte as an instance of an severe kind of the trend of Brazilian industrialization - a version of capitalism characterised by means of nation intervention, clientelism, kinfolk networks, and the inability of tehcnological innovation. on the middle of the research are the webs of strength shaped via politicians, technocrats, and marketers who drove ahead the method of industrialization. the 1st accomplished research of Belo Horizonte, this ebook explores industrialization in Latin the USA, and appears underneath the bigger, nationwide financial system to dissect a urban and region.

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Additional resources for Tropical Capitalism: The Industrialization of Belo Horizonte, Brazil

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These three groups confronted the obstacles to industrialization and made crucial choices that shaped the patterns of industrialization in Belo Horiwnte. They strove to overcome the region's geographic isolation, its lack of adequate transportation, capital, and technology. Entrepreneurs struggled to make the city an economic (as well as bureaucratic) center, and technocrats-the last group to appear on the scene-played a decisive role in the postwar transformation of Belo Horiwnte into Brazil's second largest industrial center.

Expanding first in the region around Rio de Janeiro, coffee production also spread into the southern regions of bordering Minas Gerais. In the late nineteenth century production migrated westward into the state of Sao Paulo. Coffee made the city and state of Sao Paulo the economic heartland of the nation by the end of the century. 36 With the end of the Atlantic slave trade in 1850, and growing pressures for abolition after 1870, the coffee landowners turned to European immigration (especially from southern Italy) to satisfy their demand for labor.

The creation of Belo Horizonte would provide the industrial growth pole that Minas had lacked in the nineteenth century to accelerate the growth of these dispersed regional industries. A partial exception to this pattern was the iron and steel industry 38 Tropical Capitalism which began to take root in Minas because of its immense iron ore reserves. Yet, even in the case of iron and steel, the industry did not begin to grow substantially until after 1930. In 1933, when the leading "industrial" entrepreneurs in the state formed the Federac;:ao das lndustrias do Estado de Minas Gerais (FIEMG), the group numbered some two dozen, and almost all of the member firms were small businesses.

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